In 1998, the foreign ministries of the two countries initiated a peace process aimed at easing tensions in the region. On 23 September 1998, the two Governments signed an agreement that recognizes the principle of developing an environment of peace and security and the resolution of all bilateral conflicts, which became the basis of the Lahore Declaration.  On February 11, 1999, the Pakistani Ministry of Foreign Affairs announced the state visit of Indian Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee aboard the first bus line between the two countries.  The Lahore Declaration is a remarkable treaty under the 1988 NNAA Treaty and the 1972 Shimla Treaty  After the signing of the agreement by the two Prime Ministers, Pakistan`s Foreign Ministers Shamshad Ahmad and India K. Raghunath were signed on 21 February 22, 1999, a moO identified measures to promote an environment of peace and security between the two countries.  The Memorandum of Understanding confirmed that its respective governments continue to uphold the principles and purposes set forth in the Charter of the United Nations.  The Lahore Declaration was a bilateral agreement and governance treaty between India and Pakistan. The treaty was signed on 21 February 1999 at a historic summit in Lahore and ratified the same year by the parliaments of both countries.  The deployment of the army in the region has more than tripled. The infiltrators were equipped not only with handguns and grenade launchers, but also armed with mortars, artillery and anti-aircraft guns.  Many positions were also heavily cut, with India later reporting that it had recovered more than 8,000 anti-personnel mines, according to an ICBL report.  The reconnaissance of Pakistan was conducted by UNmanned aircraft and FIREFINDER AN/TPQ-36 radars provided by the United States.  The first Indian attacks were aimed at controlling the hills overlooking NH 1, giving high priority to sections of the highway near the town of Kargil.
The majority of the posts along the LOC were next to the highway and, as a result, the reconquest of almost all the infiltrated posts increased both territorial gains and highway safety. The protection of this road and the reconquest of the forward posts were therefore continuous objectives throughout the war.