Nasa International Agreements

NASA published the draft agreements to other space countries, and after receiving its report, the agency drafted the final document that contains standards for things like moon mining and conflict management on the moon`s surface. NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine says the main goal is to put everyone on the same page about lunar research and avoid future misunderstandings or international conflicts. “When we think of the Artemis agreements, we try to set acceptable standards of behavior for every nation,” Bridenstine said in a press interview before the announcement. The purpose of these space agency-level agreements is to describe in detail the roles and responsibilities of the agencies in the planning, development and use of the station. In addition, the agreements aim to create the management structure and interfaces necessary to ensure efficient use of the station; Very early in the development of international space legislation, the space of the magna carta of space, presented by William A. Hyman in 1966, was framed as res communis and explicitly not as terra nullius, and then influenced the work of the United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space. [47] [53] There are some exceptions to the waiver of the space station`s cross-liability. For example, claims between a partner and its own related companies, for example between the European Space Agency and one of its users, are covered by contracts or subcontracts that do not concern other international partners. The legal framework of the International Space Station recognizes and goes further with the basic rules of liability for space activities set out in international space treaties such as the Liability Convention (1972). This extension of national jurisdiction defines the laws applicable to activities on elements of a partner`s space station (e.g. Β European law in the European laboratory Columbus).

This legal order recognises the jurisdiction of the courts of the Partner States and allows for the application of national legislation in areas such as criminal cases, liability and the protection of intellectual property rights. Possible conflicts of competence between the partners can be resolved through the application of other rules and procedures that have already been developed at national and international level. The United Nations General Assembly has adopted five legal declarations and principles that promote the exercise of international law and unified communication among countries. The five explanations and principles are as follows:[27] Since the Cold War, the Treaty on Principles Governing the Activity of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies (the “Outer Space Treaty”) and the International Telecommunication Union, have served as a constitutional framework and constitute a set of principles and procedures constituting space law. [7] [8] In addition, the United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (COPUOS) is responsible, together with its legal, scientific and technical subcommittees, for examining issues relating to international space law and international space policy. . . .