Nsf Division Of Grants And Agreements

NSF guidelines for the awarding and management of grants and cooperation agreements are available in the Award and Administration (AAG) Guide, part II of the NSF Proposal and Award Policies and Procedures Guide (PAPPG). DGA is responsible for the awarding of grants and NSF agreements recommended by NSF program offices. From award to conclusion, DGA conducts a large number of business, financial and bonus audits to ensure compliance with award conditions, NSF guidelines and procedures, and federal rules and regulations. Most NSF grants are awarded to individuals or small groups of researchers who are researching their place of origin. Other grants fund medium-sized research centres, tools and organizations for researchers at many institutions. Others fund institutions at the national level, shared by the research community as a whole. The NSF National Observatories, with their huge optical and radio telescopes, are examples of national institutions; its Antarctic research sites; its high-end computing equipment and ultra-high-speed network connections; vessels and diving vessels used for marine research; and its gravitational wave observatories. In 1990, NSF funds exceeded $2 billion for the first time. NSF has funded the development of several programs based on NCTM standards developed by the National Council of Mathematics Teachers. These standards were widely adopted by school districts over the next ten years. However, in newspapers like the Wall Street Journal, which called “math wars,” organizations like Mathematically Correct complained that some elementary standards-based texts, including Mathland, almost completely renounced any instruction in traditional arithmetic in favor of cutting, painting, inserting, and writing.

During this debate, NSF was both praised and criticized for preferring standards. In 1991, the NSFNET Directive was amended for acceptable use to allow commercial traffic. Until 1995, when the private and commercial market flourished, NSF tied up THE NSFNET to enable public use of the Internet. In 1993, students and collaborators at the NSF-supported National Center for Supercomputary Applications (NCSA) at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, Mosaic, developed the first freely available browser that enables world wide web pages that contain both graphics and text. In 18 months, NCSA Mosaic becomes the web browser of choice for more than one million users and triggers an exponential growth in the number of web users. In 1994, NSF, along with DARPA and NASA, launched the Digital Library Initiative. [23] One of the first six fellowships went to Stanford University, where two PhD students, Larry Page and Sergey Brin, began developing a search engine that used links between websites as a ranking method that they then marketed as Google. In 1996, NSF-funded research clearly established that the chemistry of the atmosphere over Antarctica was abnormal and that the content of important chlorinated compounds was greatly increased.

During two months of intensive work, NSF researchers learned most of what is known about the hole in the ozone layer. In 1998, two independent teams of astronomers supported by the NSF discovered that the expansion of the universe was accelerating, as if a previously unknown force, now known as dark energy, was demarcating galaxies at an ever-increasing speed. Since the passage of the Small Business Technology Transfer Act of 1992 (Public Law 102-564, Title II), the NSF has been required to set aside 0.3% of its extra-university research budget for the Small Business Technology Transfer Awards and 2.8% of its R&D budget for small business innovation research. The aim of this opportunity is to remove barriers to international work, based on a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) – Link is leaving this page – on research cooperation between UK Research & Innovation (UKRI – formerly RCUK) and NSF. Proposals should be an integrated effort between Britain and the US to address a research topic that is of interest to both NERC and a relevant NSF department and that would benefit from a collaborative approach. . . .