While discussing a possible ceasefire agreement, the President of the Republic of Korea (ROK, South Korea), Syngman Rhee, spoke out against peace talks in late May and early June 1951. He believed that the ROK should continue to expand its army to march to the Yalu River and completely unify the nation.  UNC did not support Rhee`s position.  Even without UNC support, Rhee and the South Korean government attempted to mobilize public opinion to oppose any cessation of fighting just before the Yalu River.  Other ROK officials supported Rhee`s ambitions and the National Assembly of South Korea unanimously adopted a resolution calling for the continuation of the fight for “an independent and united country”. However, at the end of June, the Assembly decided to support the ceasefire talks, although President Rhee continues to oppose them.  2) South Korea and North Korea agreed to conduct dialogues and negotiations in various areas, including high levels, and to take active steps to implement the agreements reached at the summit. How effective are the summit agreements and how will they influence the Trump-Kim summit? Beyond the perception that the first Moon-Kim summit was a resounding success, some have deeper implications for the real effectiveness of the various agreements reached at the summit, the impact of these agreements on regional and international security, and the impact that the summit could have on the next Trump-Kim summit, which will take place at the end of May or June. Article IV (paragraph 60) of the ceasefire agreement calls for a political conference to be held within three months of the signing of the agreement to “ensure the peaceful settlement of the Korean issue.”  In April 1954, a conference was held in Geneva, during which the three-month period was missed by six months. The conference focused on two separate conflicts: the conflict in Korea; and the conflict in Indochina.
The United States, the USSR, France, China, North Korea and South Korea participated in discussions on the Korean conflict. The Korean Peninsula peace agreement was officially discussed at the conference by Chinese diplomat Zhou Enlai with U.S. Secretary of Defense John Foster Dulles, but no progress has been made.  The United States deliberately avoided discussing the “Korean Peninsula Peace Treaty,” despite criticism from other representatives at the conference on the negative attitude of the United States. South Korea never signed the ceasefire agreement, with President Syngman Rhee refusing to accept power.   China normalized relations and signed a peace agreement with South Korea in 1992. In 1994, China withdrew from the Military Ceasefire Commission, leaving North Korea and the UN command essentially the only participants in the ceasefire agreement.   In 2011, South Korea declared that North Korea had violated the ceasefire 221 times.  Finally, the declaration confirms Moon`s agreement to participate in a new summit with Kim in the fall, which will bring at least five months of stability to South Korea, as the North will behave best in the short term.